Duo Jiao Recipe

Spice up your meals with our mouthwatering Duo Jiao recipe - a delightful blend of heat and flavors. Easy steps for a memorable dining experience!

Duo Jiao

    Duo Jiao

  • Cuisine: Chinese
  • Category: Condiment
  • Prep Time:
  • Fermentation Time:
  • Servings: 1 bottle
  • Calories: 24 calories

About this recipe

Duo jiao is a fantastic ingredient that adds a fiery kick and a burst of flavor to various Chinese dishes. It's essentially a type of salted chili pepper that originates from the Sichuan and Hunan provinces, known for their bold and spicy cuisine.

To make duo jiao, fresh red chili peppers are the star of the show. They're washed, dried, and then cut into small pieces. These pieces are then mixed with salt, which not only enhances the flavor but also helps draw out the moisture from the peppers.

Once the chili peppers are coated with salt, they're packed into a clean jar or container and left to work their magic.

Over the course of a week or so, the salt extracts moisture from the peppers, creating a brine that acts as a natural preservative. This brine helps develop the unique flavor profile of duo jiao.

But the process doesn't stop there. The jar is then sealed and left at room temperature for another few weeks to allow fermentation to take place. During this time, the flavors deepen, and the chili peppers develop a slightly sour and salty taste.

After the fermentation period, the duo jiao is transferred to a clean, airtight container and refrigerated for long-term storage. This tangy and spicy condiment can be enjoyed for several months, adding a punch of heat to a variety of dishes.

When it comes to using duo jiao, the possibilities are endless. It can be added to stir-fries, noodles, soups, or even used as a dipping sauce. Just keep in mind that duo jiao is quite spicy, so it's best to start with a small amount and adjust according to your heat tolerance.

So, if you're a fan of spicy food, duo jiao is a must-have in your pantry. Its intense heat and complex flavors will elevate your dishes and give them that authentic Sichuan and Hunan flair. Just remember, a little goes a long way when it comes to duo jiao!

Recipe origin and background

The duo jiao recipe originates from the Sichuan and Hunan provinces of China, which are known for their bold and spicy cuisine. These regions are famous for their use of chili peppers and the unique flavor profiles they create.

Sichuan cuisine, in particular, is renowned for its distinctive and numbing spice known as "mala." It combines the heat of chili peppers with the numbing sensation of Sichuan peppercorns, creating a flavor experience unlike any other. Duo jiao is one of the key ingredients used in many Sichuan dishes to achieve that signature fiery and flavorful taste.

Hunan cuisine, on the other hand, is also known for its spiciness, but with a focus on deep and rich flavors. Duo jiao plays a significant role in Hunan dishes as well, adding a vibrant heat and enhancing the overall taste.

The process of making duo jiao, by fermenting salted chili peppers, has been used in Chinese culinary traditions for centuries.

It is a way to preserve the chili peppers and develop complex flavors. The fermentation process allows the flavors to deepen, giving duo jiao its characteristic tangy, salty, and spicy profile.

Over time, duo jiao has become a popular condiment in Chinese cuisine, not only in Sichuan and Hunan but also in other regions and among international food enthusiasts. Its intense heat and unique taste make it a versatile ingredient that adds depth and excitement to various dishes.

So, it is safe to say duo jiao is deeply rooted in the culinary traditions of Sichuan and Hunan provinces, where it has been perfected over generations, and it continues to be cherished as an essential component of many spicy and flavorful Chinese recipes.

Why try this Duo Jiao recipe?

  1. Flavor Explosion: Duo jiao adds an incredible burst of flavor to your dishes. Its unique combination of spiciness, saltiness, tanginess, and umami creates a complex and vibrant taste that can take your culinary creations to the next level. It adds depth and excitement to a wide range of dishes, from stir-fries to soups to noodle dishes.
  2. Versatile Condiment: Duo jiao is a versatile condiment that can be used in various ways. You can stir it into your favorite stir-fried vegetables or meats for an extra kick of heat and flavor. It can be incorporated into sauces, marinades, and dressings to give them a spicy twist. You can even use it as a dipping sauce for dumplings or spring rolls. The possibilities are endless, and it can truly enhance the taste of many different dishes.
  3. Homemade Goodness: Making duo jiao at home allows you to control the ingredients and customize it to your taste preferences. You can choose the type of chili peppers you prefer, adjust the level of spiciness, and experiment with different flavors. Homemade duo jiao also gives you the satisfaction of creating a unique and authentic Chinese condiment right in your own kitchen.
  4. Cultural Experience: Trying out the duo jiao recipe allows you to delve into the rich culinary traditions of Sichuan and Hunan provinces. It gives you a taste of authentic Chinese flavors and allows you to explore the vibrant and spicy world of Sichuan and Hunan cuisine. It's a chance to broaden your culinary horizons and discover new tastes and techniques.
  5. Long Shelf Life: Once you've made duo jiao, it can be stored in the refrigerator for several months, making it a convenient pantry staple. Having a jar of homemade duo jiao on hand means you can easily add a spicy kick to your dishes whenever you desire.

So, if you enjoy spicy and flavorful food, trying the duo jiao recipe is definitely worth it. It's a chance to elevate your cooking, explore new flavors, and embrace the culinary traditions of China.

What does Duo Jiao taste like?

Duo jiao has a distinct and vibrant flavor profile that combines heat, saltiness, tanginess, and a hint of fermentation. The taste can vary depending on the specific recipe and the chili peppers used, but in general, it offers a unique sensory experience.

The primary characteristic of duo jiao is its spiciness. The chili peppers used in duo jiao are typically hot, so you can expect a fiery kick when you taste it. The level of heat can range from moderately spicy to extremely hot, depending on your preference and the variety of chili peppers used.

In addition to the heat, duo jiao has a pleasant saltiness. The salt used in the recipe enhances the natural flavors of the chili peppers and creates a well-balanced and savory taste.

Duo jiao also has a tangy and slightly sour note. This tanginess develops during the fermentation process, which adds depth and complexity to the flavor. It gives duo jiao a lively and bright aspect, enhancing the overall taste experience.

Furthermore, duo jiao can have a subtle umami quality. The fermentation process contributes to the creation of umami flavors, providing a rich and savory taste that adds depth to dishes when used as a condiment.

What is in Duo Jiao?

  • Fresh Red Chili Peppers: These are the main ingredient in duo jiao and provide the heat and flavor. Choose ripe, fresh chili peppers that suit your spice preference. The specific variety of chili peppers can vary, but popular options include Thai bird's eye chili peppers or Sichuan facing heaven peppers.
  • Salt: Salt is an essential ingredient in duo jiao. It not only enhances the flavor but also helps draw out moisture from the chili peppers and aids in the fermentation process.

Equipment required for this recipe

  • Mixing Bowl: A mixing bowl is useful for combining the chopped chili peppers and salt. It should be large enough to accommodate the ingredients and allow for easy mixing. A glass or stainless steel bowl works well.
  • Glass Jar or Container: You will need a clean glass jar or container with an airtight seal to hold the chili pepper mixture during the fermentation process. The jar should be large enough to accommodate the chopped chili peppers and leave some headspace for the brine that will form. Make sure the jar or container is thoroughly cleaned and sterilized before use.
  • Kitchen Towel or Paper Towels: These are necessary to dry the chili peppers after washing them. It's important to remove excess moisture to prevent spoilage during fermentation. You can use a clean kitchen towel or paper towels to pat the peppers dry.
  • Weights (optional): Some recipes may recommend using weights to keep the chili peppers submerged in the brine during fermentation. This helps ensure proper fermentation and prevents the growth of mold. If weights are not available, you can use a clean, food-grade plastic bag filled with brine as a substitute. Place it on top of the peppers to weigh them down.

How to make Duo Jiao

Discover the perfect Duo Jiao recipe for a deliciously spicy and flavorful dish. Easy to make and sure to impress. Get cooking now!


  • 200 grams fresh red chili peppers
  • 2 tablespoons salt


  1. Begin by washing the chili peppers thoroughly under cold water. Remove the stems and discard any spoiled or discolored peppers.
  2. Dry the chili peppers completely using a clean kitchen towel or paper towels. It's important to remove as much moisture as possible to prevent spoilage during the fermentation process.
  3. Cut the chili peppers into small pieces, roughly 1-2 centimeters in length. You can adjust the size based on your preference.
  4. In a mixing bowl, add the chopped chili peppers and salt. Mix them well, ensuring that the salt is evenly distributed among the peppers.
  5. Transfer the mixture to a clean glass jar or container. Make sure the container is completely dry to prevent the growth of mold.
  6. Tightly close the jar or container and let it sit at room temperature for about 1 week. During this time, the salt will draw out the moisture from the peppers and create a brine.
  7. After a week, check the jar to ensure that the brine has formed. The chili peppers should be submerged in the brine. If needed, add a bit of boiled and cooled water to cover the peppers completely.
  8. Close the jar again and allow the duo jiao to ferment for another 2 to 3 weeks. During this period, the flavors will develop and the chili peppers will become slightly sour and salty.
  9. After the fermentation process, transfer the duo jiao to a clean, airtight jar and store it in the refrigerator. It can be kept for several months.

How to serve Duo Jiao

  1. Start with a small amount: Duo jiao is known for its spiciness, so it's best to start with a small amount and gradually adjust to your taste. Keep in mind that a little goes a long way, especially if you're not accustomed to a high level of heat.
  2. Add it to stir-fries: Duo jiao can be a fantastic addition to stir-fried dishes. Heat a wok or a pan with oil, then add your choice of protein (such as chicken, beef, or tofu) and vegetables. Once they are nearly cooked, add a small spoonful of duo jiao and stir-fry everything together for a minute or two. The duo jiao will infuse the dish with its spicy and flavorful kick.
  3. Use it as a condiment: Duo jiao can be used as a condiment to add heat and flavor to various dishes. Serve it as a side sauce or condiment in a small dish alongside dumplings, spring rolls, or other appetizers. Your guests can add it according to their preference, providing an extra layer of spiciness and tanginess.
  4. Enhance soups and broths: Adding a small amount of duo jiao to soups or broths can elevate their flavor. Whether it's a spicy Sichuan hot pot or a comforting bowl of noodle soup, a spoonful of duo jiao can bring an extra zing and heat to the dish.
  5. Mix it with noodles: Duo jiao can be incorporated into noodle dishes for a spicy and savory kick. Whether it's a simple noodle stir-fry or a bowl of dan dan noodles, adding duo jiao can transform the dish into a spicy delight. Toss the cooked noodles with a bit of oil and a spoonful of duo jiao, then mix well before serving.
  6. Experiment with other dishes: Feel free to experiment with duo jiao in various other dishes where you want to add heat and flavor. It can be used as a marinade for grilled meats or as a seasoning for roasted vegetables. Use it to spice up fried rice, sauces, or even as a flavor booster for dressings and dips.

Rated: 4.9 of 5.0 from 575 reviews.

Recipe Tags: Duo Jiao, Duo Jiao Recipe, Recipe, Top rated

What to serve Duo Jiao with

Duo jiao can be served with a variety of dishes to add heat, flavor, and a spicy kick. Here are some ideas:

  1. Stir-fried Vegetables: Serve duo jiao alongside a colorful and vibrant stir-fried vegetable dish. The spiciness and tanginess of duo jiao can complement the freshness of the vegetables, adding depth and complexity to the flavors.
  2. Grilled or Roasted Meats: Use duo jiao as a condiment for grilled or roasted meats such as chicken, beef, or pork. The spicy and savory flavors of duo jiao can enhance the taste of the meat and provide a fiery kick.
  3. Dumplings or Potstickers: Pair duo jiao with dumplings or potstickers as a dipping sauce. The combination of the spicy duo jiao and the delicate flavors of the dumplings creates a tantalizing contrast that adds excitement to each bite.
  4. Noodles: Duo jiao can be served with various noodle dishes. Whether it's stir-fried noodles, noodle soups, or cold noodles, the spiciness of duo jiao can add a bold and fiery element to the dish. Drizzle a small amount of duo jiao over the noodles or serve it as a side sauce for dipping.
  5. Rice Dishes: Use duo jiao to spice up your rice dishes. Whether it's fried rice, rice bowls, or rice cakes, a dollop of duo jiao can provide a fiery burst of flavor. Mix it into the rice or serve it on the side to allow diners to adjust the spice level to their liking.
  6. Hot Pot or Steamboat: Duo jiao is a great addition to hot pot or steamboat meals. It can be used as a dipping sauce for cooked meats, vegetables, and other ingredients. Its spiciness adds a vibrant element to the communal dining experience.
  7. Asian-inspired Marinades or Sauces: Incorporate duo jiao into marinades or sauces for an extra kick of heat and flavor. It can be used in dishes such as spicy glazes for ribs, spicy barbecue sauces, or spicy dressings for salads.

My recommendations and tips

  1. Choose the right chili peppers: Select chili peppers that suit your spice preference and desired flavor profile. Thai bird's eye chili peppers are commonly used and provide a good level of heat. If you prefer a milder option, you can opt for a variety with lower heat levels. Sichuan facing heaven peppers are another popular choice for a more authentic Sichuan flavor.
  2. Handle chili peppers with care: When working with chili peppers, it's important to protect your hands and eyes. Consider wearing gloves to prevent irritation or burning sensations. Avoid touching your face or eyes while handling chili peppers, as the capsaicin in them can cause discomfort.
  3. Ensure cleanliness: Proper hygiene is crucial during the fermentation process to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria or mold. Make sure all equipment and utensils are thoroughly cleaned and sterilized before use. Wash your hands thoroughly before handling the ingredients.
  4. Dry the chili peppers well: Moisture can hinder the fermentation process and promote mold growth. After washing the chili peppers, make sure to dry them completely using a kitchen towel or paper towels. This step helps prevent spoilage and ensures a successful fermentation.
  5. Use high-quality salt: Opt for a high-quality salt without any additives or anti-caking agents. This ensures a pure and natural flavor in your duo jiao. Coarse sea salt or kosher salt are good options. Avoid using iodized table salt, as it may affect the taste.
  6. Adjust the fermentation time: The fermentation time can vary depending on the desired flavor and the ambient temperature. Taste the duo jiao periodically during the fermentation process to check the flavors. If you prefer a milder taste, you can shorten the fermentation time. For a more intense flavor, you can extend the fermentation period.
  7. Store properly: Once the fermentation is complete, transfer the duo jiao to a clean, airtight container and store it in the refrigerator. This helps preserve its flavor and extends its shelf life. It's important to keep the jar tightly sealed to prevent contamination.
  8. Experiment and enjoy: Duo jiao is a versatile ingredient, so feel free to experiment with it in various recipes. Start with small amounts and adjust according to your taste preferences. It can add a spicy kick to stir-fries, soups, noodles, and many other dishes. Let your creativity flow and enjoy the vibrant flavors of duo jiao!

Potential ingredients substitutes

If you're looking for ingredient substitutes for duo jiao, here are a few options:

  • Chili Flakes or Powder: If fresh chili peppers are not available or you prefer a milder flavor, you can use chili flakes or powder as a substitute. Adjust the amount according to your preferred level of spiciness. Keep in mind that the texture and flavor will be slightly different compared to using fresh chili peppers.
  • Hot Sauce: If you're looking for a convenient alternative, you can use your favorite hot sauce in place of duo jiao. Choose a hot sauce with a flavor profile that complements your dish. Be aware that hot sauces can vary in heat level and taste, so adjust the quantity to achieve the desired level of spiciness.
  • Fermented Bean Paste: If you're after a similar umami-rich and slightly tangy flavor, you can substitute duo jiao with fermented bean paste. This paste, often made from fermented soybeans, provides depth of flavor and can add complexity to your dishes.
  • Chili Paste: Depending on the specific dish you're making, a good substitute for duo jiao could be a chili paste, such as gochujang (Korean chili paste) or sambal oelek (Indonesian chili paste). These pastes offer a spicy kick and can enhance the overall flavor of your recipe.
  • Homemade Chili Oil: If you're seeking a simple substitute that adds heat and flavor, homemade chili oil can work well. Infuse oil with dried chili flakes or whole chili peppers to create a spicy oil that can be drizzled over dishes or used in cooking.

Additional note

  1. Storage and Shelf Life: Duo jiao can be stored in a clean, airtight jar or container in the refrigerator. Properly sealed, it can last for several months, if not longer. Keep in mind that the flavor of duo jiao may intensify over time as it continues to ferment, so adjust the amount you use accordingly.
  2. Fermentation and Mold: During the fermentation process, it's normal for some white mold or bubbles to form on the surface of the duo jiao. This is a natural part of the fermentation process and is generally safe to consume. However, if you notice any strange colors, unpleasant odors, or signs of spoilage, it's best to discard the batch and start again.
  3. Adjusting Spice Level: If you find that the duo jiao is too spicy for your liking, you can try reducing the amount of chili peppers or using milder varieties. Alternatively, you can add more salt or other ingredients like vinegar or sugar to balance out the spiciness. It's all about finding the right balance that suits your taste.
  4. Experimentation and Personalization: Duo jiao recipes can vary, and personal preference plays a significant role. Feel free to experiment with the ingredients, proportions, and fermentation time to create a duo jiao that suits your taste buds. Don't be afraid to make adjustments and add your own twist to the recipe.
  5. Heat Levels: Remember that the spiciness of duo jiao can vary depending on the chili peppers used and their individual heat levels. If you're uncertain about the heat level of the chili peppers you have, you can start with a smaller quantity and adjust accordingly. You can always add more if desired but removing excess spice can be challenging.
  6. Authentic Regional Variations: Duo jiao recipes can differ based on the region or personal preferences. The Sichuan and Hunan regions, in particular, have their own unique variations. Exploring different recipes and trying duo jiao from different sources can give you a taste of the authentic regional flavors.
  7. Gradual Introduction to Spiciness: If you're not accustomed to spicy foods, it's best to introduce duo jiao gradually into your dishes. Start with small amounts and gradually increase as your tolerance builds. This way, you can enjoy the flavors without overwhelming your taste buds.

Final Remark

Elevate your culinary skills with our Duo Jiao recipe - a spicy sensation that will leave your taste buds craving for more. Don't miss out, start cooking today!

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