Janhi Recipe

Explore an authentic Janhi recipe. Learn to cook the flavorsome Prawn and Ridge Gourd curry. A delicious taste of Indian cuisine awaits!



  • Cuisine: Indian
  • Category: Main Dish
  • Prep Time:
  • Cook Time:
  • Servings: 3
  • Calories: 250 calories

About this recipe

"Janhi," also known as ridge gourd. Janhi is a popular vegetable in Indian cuisine, especially in the regions of South Asia. It's known for its unique shape, with a long, slender body and a ridged skin, which gives it its name.

Janhi is not only loved for its distinct appearance but also for its versatility in cooking. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a tender texture, which makes it perfect for a variety of dishes. In Indian cooking, you can find janhi in curries, stir-fries, and even in lentil-based dishes like dal.

One of the delightful aspects of janhi is its ability to absorb the flavors of the spices and ingredients it's cooked with, making it a great addition to curries and stews. It's often used in combination with other vegetables or meats to create delicious and wholesome meals.

This vegetable is not only tasty but also nutritious. It's low in calories and a good source of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. So, whether you're trying to enjoy a flavorful Indian curry or looking to incorporate more vegetables into your diet, janhi is a wonderful choice to explore in your culinary adventures.

Origin of Janhi recipe

The Jhinga Janhi recipe is rooted in the culinary traditions of the Indian subcontinent. Specifically, it's a popular dish in the coastal regions of India, where seafood, including prawns, is abundantly available.

The use of ridge gourd, known as "janhi" in the Odia language, is characteristic of the state of Odisha in eastern India.

Odisha's cuisine is known for its use of fresh vegetables and seafood, making it a delightful place for seafood lovers. The combination of prawns and ridge gourd in this recipe showcases the region's culinary diversity and the ability to create flavorful and balanced dishes.

Indian cuisine, in general, is incredibly diverse, with each region offering its own unique flavors and ingredients.

Jhinga Janhi reflects the regional preferences for ingredients and spices, resulting in a dish that's both delicious and representative of Odia cuisine. It's a testament to the rich and varied culinary heritage of India.

Why make this recipe?

You should definitely give the Jhinga Janhi (Prawn Ridge Gourd) recipe a try for some good reasons:

  • Unique Flavor: The combination of prawns and ridge gourd offers a unique and delicious flavor profile. The mild sweetness of ridge gourd complements the savory and slightly sweet taste of prawns, creating a well-balanced and flavorful dish.
  • Nutrient-Rich: Ridge gourd is a nutritious vegetable, rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Paired with prawns, you get a meal that's not only tasty but also wholesome.
  • Cultural Experience: Trying this recipe allows you to explore the culinary traditions of eastern India, particularly Odisha. It's a chance to experience the diverse and regional flavors within Indian cuisine.
  • Seafood Delight: If you enjoy seafood, this dish is a must-try. Prawns are a popular choice for seafood lovers, and this recipe showcases them in a delightful way.
  • Versatility: The Jhinga Janhi recipe is versatile. You can adjust the level of spiciness to suit your taste, and it can be served with rice or flatbreads, making it suitable for different meal preferences.
  • Cooking Adventure: Trying out new recipes is an exciting culinary adventure. It's a chance to expand your cooking skills and discover new ingredients and flavors.
  • Impress Others: If you're hosting guests or want to impress your family with a unique and flavorful dish, Jhinga Janhi can be a great choice.

Incorporating diverse and regional recipes into your cooking repertoire is a wonderful way to appreciate the rich tapestry of world cuisine. Jhinga Janhi is a delightful addition to your culinary journey, offering a taste of India's eastern coast and the joys of seafood and vegetables combined in a single dish.

What does Janhi taste like?

The taste of Jhinga Janhi, which combines prawns and ridge gourd, is a delightful blend of flavors. Here's a description of its taste:

  • Savory: The prawns, when cooked in the curry, contribute a rich and savory flavor. They absorb the spices and seasonings, creating a satisfying umami taste.
  • Mild Sweetness: Ridge gourd, known as "janhi," is mildly sweet with a subtle vegetal sweetness. It complements the savory notes from the prawns and other spices.
  • Spicy Kick: The dish can be as mild or as spicy as you prefer, depending on the amount of red chili powder used. It often has a moderate level of spiciness to balance the sweetness.
  • Aromatic: The use of garlic, ginger, and cumin seeds in the recipe adds an aromatic and fragrant quality to the dish, enhancing the overall taste.
  • Balanced: What makes Jhinga Janhi truly special is the balance of flavors. The sweetness of the ridge gourd, the umami of the prawns, and the spices come together harmoniously, creating a well-rounded and delicious taste.
Jhinga Janhi is a flavor-packed dish with a combination of sweet, savory, and spicy elements. The subtlety of the ridge gourd's sweetness pairs wonderfully with the prawns, resulting in a delightful and balanced taste that's a treat for your taste buds.

What would you need for this recipe?

These are the ingredients needed to make Janhi:

  • Prawns: Prawns are a type of shellfish that add a delightful seafood flavor to the dish. Make sure they are cleaned and deveined before use.
  • Ridge Gourd (Janhi): Ridge gourd, also known as janhi, is the star of this dish. It's a long, slender vegetable with a ridged skin and a mild, slightly sweet flavor.
  • Onion: Finely chopped onion adds a savory and aromatic base to the curry.
  • Tomato: Chopped tomato adds a tangy element and helps create a flavorful gravy.
  • Garlic and Ginger: Minced garlic and grated ginger are essential for adding depth and aroma to the dish.
  • Turmeric Powder: Turmeric powder provides a warm, golden color to the curry and imparts a mild earthy flavor.
  • Cumin Seeds: Cumin seeds are used for tempering and add a nutty, earthy flavor to the dish.
  • Red Chili Powder: Red chili powder adds a spicy kick, but you can adjust the amount to your preferred level of heat.
  • Salt: Salt enhances the overall flavor of the dish and balances the spices.
  • Cooking Oil: Cooking oil is used for sautéing and frying the ingredients.
  • Fresh Coriander Leaves: These are used for garnish, adding a fresh and herby touch to the final dish.


  • Cooking Pot or Pan: A medium-sized cooking pot or a deep pan is necessary for sautéing and cooking the curry. Substitute: You can use a non-stick pan or a Dutch oven if you don't have a regular cooking pot.
  • Knife and Cutting Board: You'll need a sharp knife and a cutting board to chop the vegetables and other ingredients. Substitute: Any kitchen knife and a clean, flat surface can be used as a cutting board.
  • Stirring Spoon: A spoon or spatula for stirring the ingredients while cooking. Substitute: A wooden or silicone spoon can be used.
  • Measuring Spoons: Measuring spoons are handy for accurate measurement of spices and salt. Substitute: You can use regular spoons or estimate quantities if you don't have measuring spoons.
  • Lid: A lid for covering the pot or pan while simmering the curry, which helps to cook the ingredients evenly. Substitute: If your pot doesn't have a lid, you can use a large plate or aluminum foil to cover it.
  • Grater: If you don't have a grater, you can use a knife to finely chop ginger instead.
  • Garlic Press: A garlic press makes it easy to mince garlic, but you can also finely chop it with a knife.
  • Gas or Electric Stove: You'll need a heat source like a gas stove or an electric stovetop for cooking. Substitute: An induction cooktop or any other cooking appliance that provides heat.
  • Garnish Bowl: A small bowl for placing the fresh coriander leaves for garnishing the dish.

How to make Janhi

Discover the delectable world of Jhinga Janhi! Dive into a seafood adventure with this prawn and ridge gourd curry.


  • 250g prawns (cleaned and deveined)
  • 1 medium-sized ridge gourd (janhi)
  • 1 onion (finely chopped)
  • 1 tomato (chopped)
  • 2-3 cloves of garlic (minced)
  • 1-inch piece of ginger (grated)
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1/2 teaspoon red chili powder (adjust to taste)
  • Salt to taste
  • 2-3 tablespoons cooking oil
  • Fresh coriander leaves (for garnish)


  1. Peel and chop the ridge gourd (janhi) into small pieces.
  2. Heat oil in a pan, add cumin seeds, and let them sizzle.
  3. Add finely chopped onions and sauté until they become translucent.
  4. Add minced garlic and grated ginger, and sauté for a couple of minutes.
  5. Stir in the chopped tomatoes and cook until they soften.
  6. Add turmeric powder, red chili powder, and salt. Mix well.
  7. Add the chopped ridge gourd (janhi) and cook for a few minutes.
  8. Once the ridge gourd starts to soften, add the cleaned prawns and mix gently.
  9. Cover the pan and cook on low heat for about 10-15 minutes or until the prawns are cooked and the ridge gourd is tender.
  10. Garnish with fresh coriander leaves.
  11. Serve your Jhinga Janhi with steamed rice or roti. Enjoy your meal!

How do you serve Janhi recipe?

To serve the Jhinga Janhi (Prawn Ridge Gourd) recipe, follow these steps:

  • Prepare a Serving Dish: Choose a clean and attractive serving dish to present your Jhinga Janhi curry.
  • Garnish: Before transferring the curry to the serving dish, you can garnish it with freshly chopped coriander leaves. This not only adds a pop of color but also a fresh herby aroma.
  • Serve Hot: The Jhinga Janhi curry is best served hot. Ladle the curry into the serving dish while it's still warm to preserve the flavors.
  • Accompaniments: Jhinga Janhi pairs well with steamed white rice or Indian flatbreads like roti or naan. You can also serve it with a side of yogurt or a simple cucumber-onion salad to complement the flavors.

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Recipe Tags: Janhi, Janhi Recipe, Recipe, Easy, Homemade, Top rated

What to serve with?

Jhinga Janhi (Prawn Ridge Gourd) pairs well with a variety of side dishes and accompaniments to create a complete and balanced meal. Here are some options:

  1. Steamed Rice: This is a classic accompaniment. The plain and fluffy texture of steamed white rice complements the flavors of the Jhinga Janhi curry.
  2. Indian Flatbreads: Serve it with roti, naan, or paratha for a heartier meal. The bread can be used to scoop up the curry.
  3. Cucumber-Onion Salad: A simple salad of sliced cucumbers, onions, and tomatoes with a sprinkle of salt, pepper, and lemon juice can provide a refreshing contrast to the rich curry.
  4. Raita: A side of yogurt-based raita, like cucumber raita or mint raita, can help cool the palate if the curry is spicier than you prefer.
  5. Papad: Crispy papads or papadums are a popular side in Indian cuisine. They add a nice crunch to the meal.
  6. Pickles: Indian pickles, like mango pickle or lime pickle, can add an extra burst of flavor to your meal.
  7. Chutney: Freshly made mint chutney or tamarind chutney can be a delightful side to serve alongside the curry.
  8. Vegetable Side Dishes: A simple stir-fried vegetable dish, like sautéed spinach or mixed vegetables, can provide a balanced and nutritious side.

My recommendations and tips

  1. Fresh Ingredients: Whenever possible, use fresh prawns and ridge gourd for the best taste and texture. Fresh ingredients make a significant difference in the final dish.
  2. Cleaning Prawns: Make sure to clean and devein the prawns properly before cooking. This ensures the prawns are free from any grit or unwanted parts.
  3. Adjust Spice Level: The spiciness of the dish can be adjusted to your preference. If you like it mild, use less red chili powder; for more heat, increase the amount.
  4. Ridge Gourd Preparation: Peel the ridge gourd and remove the seeds if they are too mature or hard. Younger ridge gourds are often tender and don't require this step.
  5. Cooking Time: Be mindful not to overcook the prawns, as they can become tough and rubbery. Cook just until they turn pink and opaque.
  6. Balancing Flavors: Taste the curry as it cooks and adjust the salt and other seasonings as needed to achieve a well-balanced flavor.
  7. Garnish with Fresh Herbs: Don't skip the fresh coriander leaves for garnish. They add a burst of fresh flavor and a beautiful presentation.
  8. Serve Hot: Jhinga Janhi is best enjoyed hot, so serve it immediately after cooking.
  9. Experiment: Feel free to get creative and adapt the recipe to your taste. You can add other vegetables or spices to make it your own.
  10. Enjoy the Journey: Cooking is not just about the end result; it's also about the process. Enjoy the aromas and flavors that develop as you prepare this dish.

Potential ingredients substitutes

  1. Prawns: You can substitute prawns with other seafood like shrimp, crab, or even fish fillets. Adjust the cooking time based on the seafood you choose.
  2. Ridge Gourd (Janhi): If you can't find ridge gourd, you can use zucchini, snake gourd, or even green beans as a substitute. Keep in mind that the flavor and texture will be different, but it can still make a tasty curry.
  3. Onion: Shallots, leeks, or scallions can be used as substitutes for onion. They will add their unique flavors to the dish.
  4. Tomato: If you don't have fresh tomatoes, you can use canned diced tomatoes or tomato sauce. Just adjust the quantity to your taste.
  5. Garlic and Ginger: If you don't have fresh garlic and ginger, you can use garlic and ginger paste or powdered versions. Adjust the quantities accordingly.
  6. Turmeric Powder: Turmeric is a key spice, but if you don't have the powder, you can use fresh turmeric root or skip it if necessary.
  7. Cumin Seeds: Cumin seeds can be substituted with ground cumin. Start with a smaller quantity, as ground cumin is more potent.
  8. Red Chili Powder: You can substitute red chili powder with paprika, cayenne pepper, or even crushed red pepper flakes. Adjust the amount to control the spiciness.
  9. Cooking Oil: Any neutral cooking oil, like vegetable oil or canola oil, can be used as a substitute.
  10. Fresh Coriander Leaves: If you don't have fresh coriander leaves for garnish, you can use fresh parsley or cilantro leaves.

Final Remark

In conclusion, the Jhinga Janhi recipe offers a delectable journey through the flavors of Indian cuisine. With its unique blend of prawns and ridge gourd, this dish showcases the culinary diversity and regional traditions of the country.

Whether you're a seafood enthusiast or simply looking to expand your culinary repertoire, Jhinga Janhi is a delightful addition to your home-cooked meals. Its balance of savory, sweet, and spicy flavors is sure to tantalize your taste buds. So, give it a try and savor the rich tapestry of flavors in this remarkable recipe. Enjoy every bite of this seafood delight!

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